My erotic short story, Maid Marian’s Missons, takes place during Beltane and May Day. I wrote this story a few years ago and recently spent some time polishing it up for publishing as an ebook. When I was writing the story, I did some research on Robin Hood to see what the legends were around him. When I read about his connection to May Day and those festivities, it seemed like a great time of the year to place my story.
Wikipedia has an interesting passage about the connection between Robin Hood and May Day:
By the early 15th century at the latest, Robin Hood had become associated with May Day celebrations, with revellers dressing as Robin or as members of his band for the festivities. This was not common throughout England, but in some regions the custom lasted until Elizabethan times, and during the reign of Henry VIII, was briefly popular at court. Robin was often allocated the role of a May King, presiding over games and processions, but plays were also performed with the characters in the roles, sometimes performed at church ales, a means by which churches raised funds.
A complaint of 1492, brought to the Star Chamber, accuses men of acting riotously by coming to a fair as Robin Hood and his men; the accused defended themselves on the grounds that the practice was a long-standing custom to raise money for churches, and they had not acted riotously but peaceably.
It is from the association with the May Games that Robin’s romantic attachment to Maid Marian (or Marion) apparently stems. The naming of Marian may have come from the French pastoral play of c. 1280, the Jeu de Robin et Marion, although this play is distinct from the English legends. Both Robin and Marian were certainly associated with May Day festivities in England (as was Friar Tuck), but these may have been originally two distinct types of performance—Alexander Barclay in his Ship of Fools, writing in c. 1500, refers to “some merry fytte of Maid Marian or else of Robin Hood”—but the characters were brought together. Marian did not immediately gain the unquestioned role; in Robin Hood’s Birth, Breeding, Valor, and Marriage, his sweetheart is ‘Clorinda the Queen of the Shepherdesses’. Clorinda survives in some later stories as an alias of Marian.
Quote from Wikipedia article.